Part three. Society and the individual
Chapter XII. Economic foundation of the society
The economy of Uzbekistan, evolving towards market relations, is based on various forms of ownership. The state shall guarantee freedom of economic activity, entrepreneurship and labour with due regard for the priority of consumers’ rights, equality and legal protection of all forms of ownership.
Private property, along with the other types of property, shall be inviolable and protected by the state. An owner may be deprived of his property solely in the cases and procedure stipulated by law.
An owner, at his discretion, shall possess, use and dispose of his property. The use of any property must not be harmful to the ecological environment nor shall it infringe on the rights and legally protected interests of citizens, juridical entities and the state.
The land, its minerals, waters, fauna and flora, other natural resources shall constitute the national wealth and shall be rationally used and protected by the state.
Chapter XIII. Public associations
Trade unions, political parties, scientific societies, women’s, veterans’ and youth leagues, professional associations, mass movements and other organizations of citizens, registered in the procedure prescribed by law, shall have the status of public associations in the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The formation and functioning of political parties and public associations, aiming to do the following, shall be prohibited: changing the existing constitutional system by force, coming out against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of the Republic, the constitutional rights and freedoms of its citizens, advocating war and social, national, racial and religious hostility, and encroaching on the health and morality of the people, as well as armed associations and political parties based on the national and religious principles.
Secret societies and associations shall be banned.
The state shall safeguard the rights and lawful interests of public associations, and provide them with equal legal possibilities for participating in public life.
Interference by state bodies and officials in the activity of public associations, as well as interference by public associations in the activity of state bodies and officials, shall be impermissible.
Trade unions shall express and protect the socio-economic rights and interests of the working people. Membership in trade unions shall be optional.
Political parties shall express the political will of various sections and groups of the population, and through their democratically elected representatives shall participate in the formation of state authority. Political parties shall submit public reports on their financial sources to the Oliy Majlis or their plenipotentiary body in a prescribed manner.
Religious organizations and associations shall be separated from the state and equal before law. The state shall not interfere in the activity of religious associations.
Public associations may be dissolved, banned or restricted in their activity solely by the sentence of a court.
Chapter XIV. Family
The family is the primary unit of the society and shall have the right to protection of the society and state.Marriage shall be based on the willing consent and equality of both parties.
Parents shall be obliged to support and care for their children until the latter are of age.The state and society shall support, care for and educate orphaned children, as well as children deprived of parental guardianship, and encourage charity in their favour.
Children shall be equal before law regardless of the origin and civic status of parents.Motherhood and childhood shall be protected by the state.
Able-bodied children, who are of age, shall be obliged to care for their parents.
Chapter XV. Mass media
The mass media shall be free and act in accordance with law. It shall bear responsibility for trustworthiness of information in a prescribed manner.Censorship shall be impermissible.